A Queueing Theoretic Approach for Performance Evaluation of Low-Power Multi-core Embedded Systems

TitleA Queueing Theoretic Approach for Performance Evaluation of Low-Power Multi-core Embedded Systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMunir, A., A. Gordon-Ross, S. Ranka, and F. Koushanfar
JournalElsevier Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing (JPDC)
Date Published1/2014
KeywordsLow-power Embedded systems, Multi-core, Performance evaluation, Queueing theory

With Moore’s law supplying billions of transistors on-chip, embedded systems are undergoing a transition from single-core to multi-core to exploit this high transistor density for high performance. However, the optimal layout of these multiple cores along with the memory subsystem (caches and main memory) to satisfy power, area, and stringent real-time constraints is a challenging design endeavor. The short time-to-market constraint of embedded systems exacerbates this design challenge and necessitates the architectural modeling of embedded systems to reduce the time-to-market by expediting target applications to device/architecture mapping. In this paper, we present a queueing theoretic approach for modeling multi-core embedded systems that provides a quick and inexpensive performance evaluation both in terms of time and resources as compared to the development of multi-core simulators and running benchmarks on these simulators. We verify our queueing theoretic modeling approach by running SPLASH-2 benchmarks on the SuperESCalar simulator (SESC). Results reveal that our queueing theoretic model qualitatively evaluates multi-core architectures accurately with an average difference of 5.6% as compared to the architectures’ evaluations from the SESC simulator. Our modeling approach can be used for performance per watt and performance per unit area characterizations of multi-core embedded architectures, with varying number of processor cores and cache configurations, to provide a comparative analysis.

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